Thursday, September 11, 2008

CLIMATE CHANGE AND TOURISM IN MALAYSIA

In Malaysia, the tourism sector ranks second as a generator of foreign exchange after oil and gas production.This industry has been growing rapidly in the country over the past few years.For example, Malaysia has shown a significant increase of tourist arrivals from countries in Asia Pacific. According to some leisure industry players, the new five day work week,announced recently, has also contributed to an uptrend in tourism among Malaysia’s 1.2 millioncivil servants (Borneo Post,24/12/2005). According to the Malaysian Tourism Board, the government has announced that RM1 billion will be allocated to tourism infrastructure and development for 2006, which will be managed by the Small and Medium Enterprise Development Bank (SME).
The Malaysian Ministry of Tourism also announced that the cumulative tourist arrival figures(from January until March 2005) stood at 4,159,857 visitors, which was a 4.6% increase from last year’s figure of 3,978,214 visitors for the same period. This illustrates the substantial number of visitor arrivals and tourist receipts in Malaysia.The Ministry has indicated that it will continue to work hard to improve tourism performance for the coming years and all indicators are positive in favour of a better performance. But despite all these efforts, how far is the climate change concept incorporated into the industry and how far are the ecotourism guidelines being adhered to in managing the Tourism Industry in Malaysia? To what extent has Tourism Industry contributed to the cost of protecting and managing the environment? These are some of the emerging questions that need to be answered in this report.Please Read the following report and send the feed back to me.

Part-1:
CLIMATE CHANGE
The average pattern of weather is called climate, usually stays pretty much the same for centuries. However, the earth is not being left alone by people. People are taking actions that can change the earth and its climate in significant ways.
The single human activity that is most likely to have a large impact on the climate is the burning of coal, oil and gas for energy purpose. These fuels contain carbon. Burning them makes carbon dioxide gas. When people began burning large amounts of coal and oil for the purpose of energy usage, the amount of carbon dioxide in the earth's atmosphere has increased and average global temperature appears to rise. Carbon dioxide gas traps solar heat in the atmosphere. As more carbon dioxide is added to the atmosphere, solar heat has more trouble to getting out. The result of that the average temperature will increase. If global warming occurs every place will be warmer. This will cause changes in the amount and pattern of rain and snow, in the length of growing seasons, in the frequency and pattern of storms, and the sea level. Farms, forests, and plants and animals in the natural environment, will be affected.
But People are saying that the impact of the climate change is already felt by in our everyday life. As time goes on there will be an impact on all aspects of human activity and the hospitality industry is no exception. In hospitality industry the climate change bring some negative aspects like unexpected damage to the infrastructure from extreme weather condition and the associated disruptions and loss of the business.
There is a big concern that the climate change is happening due to human activity and the issues of the problem bring the green community or go green in to the agenda of most of the Hospitality establishments. This attention mainly focuses on reducing the greenhouse gas emission (coal, oil and gas) in order to tackle the problem. But the damage is done to the environment in large scale. The effects of the climate change can be minimised and the positive effects should be maximised if we take action on how to adopt an avoidable changes.
Malaysia cannot escape the impacts of climate change and hospitality industry will be affected in its own specific way as hotter periods become hotter and dryer than before, sea levels rice and the unpredicted weather conditions are some of the effects.Climate,beaches,mountains,forests,wildlife and their associated ecosystems provide attractions for many destinations in Malaysia. If Malaysia is not going to take any actions to stop or minimise the climate change the hospitality industry is going to be affected in a large scale.

Continue........

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